Sewing Operation and its Objectives in Garments industry


What is sewing;

Sewing or sew is one of the important processes in garments making. This process is done by different sewing machine. Normally sewing involves fastening of fabrics, leather, furs or similar other flexible materials with the help of needle and threads. After receive the garments components from cutting section, all the garments parts are joined and sewn as sequentially. It is a basic work for making apparel.

Sewing Operation;

Sewing is the most important operation in the process of garments making or other similar product. Sewing means joining of different parts of garments with the use of needle and thread. Without needle and thread, we can also make garments by using alternative methods of joining like adhesive, welding etc. Generally there are two things involved in sewing process, i. e. stitches and seams. Sewing is the most important among all the processes of garments joining. The main purpose of sewing is to produce seam.

Sewing can be defined as the craft of fastening or attaching objects using stitches made with a needle and thread. It is a term used to describe the process used in factories to mass-produce a wide range of garments and other goods that are created by joining different components together along the course of a structured process. Sewing is done by putting parts together and joining into a whole garment. The basic sewing parameters include

  • Stitches
  • Seams
  • A method of sewing

Objectives of sewing;

  1. Assist in making garments by sewing pieces or pieces of cloth with needles and thread.
  2. Protect the edges of the fabric from loosening the yarn from the edges.
  3. To make the dress beautiful and attractive.
  4. In many cases, it also helps to enhance the beauty of the dress.
  5. Helping the edges of the two fabrics to fit together by providing adequate strength.
  6. Assist in adding motifs and trimming to the dress through sewing.
  7. To help increase the demand for garments in the competitive market.
  8. Assist in fast marketing of garments.

Different Methods of sewing;

  • Sew with binder
  • Sew with quilters
  • Sew with foot hammer
  • Sew the hem and lace together with the help of hammer
  • Sew with increased reduction hemmer
  • Sew with under breidar
  • Sew with rafler
  • Sew with tuck markers
  • Sew with foot of coding zipper
  • Sew with seam guide
  • Sew with ag stitcher
  • Sew with button holer

Sewing defects;

      1)Non sewing defects

  • For Defective Fabric.
  • Defect due to cutting of fabric, lining, interlining by the wrong pattern.
  • Defects due to wrong marking, spreading, cutting, bundling, etc.
  • Defects occurring due to handling, for instance, spoilage, staining, etc.
  • Defects due to wrong ironing, folding, packing, packaging, etc.

     2) Sewing defects;

  • Defects due to the problem of stitch formation. Examples of such errors are slipped or skipped.
  • Defects due to fabric distortion. Such packaging is an example of this kind of error.
  • Defects due to fabric damage along the stitch line. For example, piercing a cloth with a blunt needle is an example of this error.


To make the garment, the ends of the two pieces of cloth have to be attached with the help of a needle or thread. That is why the sewing process is very important among the different processes to make a garment. And one of the main uses for garments and textile industry.

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