Methods of Pattern Making and Its Importance


What is Pattern Making?

In the garment industry, the form that is made by drawing a replica of each part of a garment on a flat cardboard is called a pattern. Separate patterns are made for each part of the garment. These patterns are used to paint each part of the garment on the cloth or on marker paper before cutting the cloth. The design according to which the pattern will be prepared, one has to decide beforehand how many pieces of the pattern will be made. The body size of the person for whom the garment will be made has to be taken; usually the garment does not take the body size of any individual person. They create clothing patterns according to specific sizes.

Methods of Pattern Making;


Drafting is a very basic two-dimensional method of preparing a paper pattern. The pattern is mostly prepared on brown paper using personal measurements of the wearer. The garment prepared by the method of drafting fits exactly right in accordance with the satisfaction of the wearer. It is highly economical and smart to draft one’s own pattern. Also, one can make changes in the style easily by adopting the basic pattern. This type of pattern can be easily constructed by either drafting manually or producing it by a computer which has been programmed to construct these basic patterns according to the given measurements of the wearer.


Draping is the method that involves a detailed survey and study of the wearer’s measurements in order to create a reliable fitting experience for the wearer. Originally, draping was called modeling. Draping was considered to be the original method of constructing garment patterns and widely used while designing clothes.

Flat Pattern Making:

Flat Pattern Making involves developing a fitted basic pattern with comfort ease to fit a person or body from. A sloper is the starting point for flat pattern designing, which is a simple pattern that fits the body with enough ease for movement and comfort. Five basic pattern pieces are used for women’s clothing, including a bodice front and back, a sleeve, and a fitted skirt front and back with darts. Accurate measurements are crucial in flat pattern making, and the basic sloper has no seam allowances, allowing for easy manipulations to create various styles. Flat pattern marking is widely used in the ready –to-wear market due to its speed and accuracy.

Uses of Paper Patterns:

Paper patterns are very useful for not only beginners but also for experts as there is no risk involved of the material being wrongly cut.

It is essentially very useful to the beginner as it is one of the best methods of learning than cutting the material directly.

Paper patterns are time and labor-saving as they can be preserved and used whenever required.

One can easily make adjustments in paper patterns in order to ensure a perfect fitting.

One can easily bring changes in the design if they are using the basic paper pattern while garment manufacturing.

The use of paper patterns will ensure one cuts a garment with a minimum amount of fabric.

Importance of Pattern Making:

Nowadays men prefer shirts, Punjabi, T-shirts, polo t-shirts, pajamas, pants and women prefer sari, salwar,kameez, tops, pajamas, pants, leggings. Each garment again has a different pattern. Designers also present clothes of the same name differently due to the pattern. By creating timely and trendy clothes, the designers showcase their creativity and strong position in the fashion conscious community. In this case, one has to create a new pattern every day. Fashion designers can’t express their thinking style without a pattern. Any design first they highlight through it. Therefore, its role in the fashion industry is undeniable.

Patterns are created to cut more fabrics in less time. The fashion industry is constantly thinking of new fashions. So in these cases there is a lot of emphasis on pattern making. Thousands of pieces of clothing can be cut with a single pattern of any design. Because when one’s goes to cut thousands of pieces of fabric with direct size, they have to face many problems. That’s why fashion designers are emphasizing the importance of creating a pattern before any design. If there is any mistake, it will be caught here and as a result the wastage of clothes will be reduced a lot.

Fashion houses are creating their own distinct customer segment through the ever-new Pattern Making. With a little variety in the pattern of many garments, it can be expressed as a new design. Nowadays, fashion industries are always busy inventing new fashions. As a result, there is a need for different pattern making for each of these designs. It is not possible to give the look of design directly to the fabric without pattern making. The subject of pattern making is also creating new employment in fashion industry. In this regard, students have a huge employment market in the world. For all these reasons, if anyone takes up the subject of design and pattern making as a profession, there is an inexhaustible opportunity for work.

At present the use of Jamdani, katan and hand woven cotton fabrics have also increased considerably. The production of local fabrics has also increased day by day. Different types of diversity are seen in the garment pattern. Even designers reveal their creativity of their mind with the pattern of clothing. The fashion market has been booming for years with uneven cut clothes. The variety of neck design has been appreciated. At present the country’s fashion designers have become interested in working outside the country. In its continuation, people have seen the craft of scissors in the neck line on the sleeves of the clothes. Last year and this year, the biggest difference was the sleeves of the clothes. As a result, the importance of pattern making is essential in the fashion industry.

Creating a pattern can be used for many days. With the help of patterns, designs can be saved very well. Patterns will be created very carefully when creating, because if any part of the pattern is slightly decreased or increased, the fabrics that will be cut by this ready pattern will also be smaller or bigger. And if such a big thing is small, it will not be possible to make a dress properly. As a result, it will be difficult to get the right design for the dress.


Interest in aesthetically designed clothing has increased among the buyers. Fashion connoisseurs are now emphasizing artistry rather than the flashy design of clothing. There is no more satisfaction with the extra design and color variation. And in this case, the pattern of clothing is playing an unprecedented role. Fashion industries are currently relying on clothing patterns. The more diverse the pattern of clothing, the more new fashions will come into the market. This is where the success of Pattern on Making lies.

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