Melange Yarn Classification and Application of textile industry
What is Melange Yarn?
The yarn which is made of blending two different types of fibers or made of mixing two different colors of the same fibers to provide the yarn a two-tone shade is called melange yarn. The dyeing (coloring) of two different fibers can be done and mixed in the fiber stage and the yarn is manufactured using the blended fibers.
Classification / Types of Melange Yarn:
There are various types of melange yarns, such as Snowy, Neppy, Heather, Marl, and Siro. One of the major types of these melange yarn is nappy melange yarn, in which a certain number of neps are introduced to achieve unique aesthetics. It should be noted that for this class of yarn, the neps are not the fault; preferably, they have been deliberately introduced into the melange yarn. However, the size, color, and dispensability of the neps are essential for the production of this class of yarn. Since a little change in any of the parameters would cause the final product to look different.
Melange yarns can be classified into two of it’s vary basic types:
- Blended Melange Yarn
- Non-Blended Melange Yarn
Blended Melange Yarn:
Blended melange yarns are manufactured with different fibers in a fixed ratio. For instance, Cotton and polyester blend contains 50% polyester and 50% cotton; Cotton Viscose is 60:40, while Polyester Viscose will be 80:20. However, Blended Melange Yarns are generally made with Cotton and Viscose, with the cotton portion having a lighter shade and viscose, a darker one.
Non-Blended Melange Yarn:
The yarns where the same fibers of different colors are mixed together are known as non-blended melange yarn. For example, cotton grey melange. Fibre content is 100% cotton, a certain percentage of dyed cotton fiber (black or red or any color), and a certain percentage of raw cotton color is mixed.
Types of Melange Yarn:
- 100% cotton melange
- Poly cotton melange
- Poly viscose melange
- 100% polyester melange
- Tri-blend melange etc.
Applications of melange yarn:
Melange Yarns are being used in the knitwear and denim industry.
In knitwear t-shirts, uppers, trousers, undergarments, swimwear, socks, bed sheets, curtains, towels.
In Denim it is mainly used in the weft.
Melange yarn is widely used in warp and weft knitting machines, various V-bed knitting machines, and winding machines, etc.
Important features of melange yarn:
Technology: Melange yarn has unique dyeing process, and is highly technological in terms of fiber dyes, color matching and mixed textile of multiple fibers.
Environmental friendly: Melange yarn is a yarn-dyed product, which means that part of the fibers are dyed before mixing into the raw fibers (those fibers that have not been dyed) for spinning. Melange yarn processing can save around 50% water compared to the conventional processing of spinning before dyeing, and reduces around 50% of wastewater, which all feature melange yarns with apparent advantages of energy-saving, emission reduction and environmental protection. The fabric that knitted with grey melange yarn is not needed to dyeing.
Fashion: Melange yarns are popular due to their very attractive and unique fabric appearance. The wavy like effect due to different fibers blending and wide range of color tones due to different fibers blending makes it much popular and rich in look. Its fabric smoothness is much better. The fabric may have a very soft feel and shiny look.
Common Problems in Manufacturing of Melange Yarn:
Following is the common problems occurring during manufacturing of melange yarn:
Shade variation: Shade variation is a common problem for melange yarn. As dyed fibers are used here, so proper mixing of fibers and doubling of slivers are the major challenge here. If the mixing is not done properly shade variation may occur in the yarn.
Variation in ratio (esp. in PC/PV/CVC) yarns: While using different blended fibers, we have to care about the ratio of the fibers. Experimenting before the production ratio can be fixed, all depends on the property of the fiber.
Spots in the fabric: This issue is related to the quality parameters of the fabric. It tells us about the final quality of the fabric/ yarn. It should be kept in mind that there should not be any of the white spots (neps) on the surface of dark shades. Similarly, there should be no dark neps on lighter shades. So, raw material used should be considered before to avoid such problems.
Melange yarn offer a captivating blend of colors and textures that have revolutionized the textile industry. With their unique melange effect, these materials have become synonymous with elegance, style, and versatility. Whether adorning fashion garments, home textiles, or accessories, Melange Yarns never fail to leave a lasting impression.