Different Types of Embroidery Used in Garments




What Is Embroidery?

Embroidery is a craft work of decorating fabric or other materials by using needle and thread or yarn. Embroidery can also assimilate other materials such as pearls, beads and sequins etc. embroidery is mostly used on dress shirts, denim, caps, stockings etc. There are different types of embroidery used in garments. Those are discussed in this article.

List of Different types of embroidery used in the Garments Industry:

  1. Surface embroidery
  2. Cross Stitch embroidery
  3. Needlepoint embroidery
  4. White work embroidery
  5. Counted embroidery
  6. Sashiko embroidery
  7. Hedebo embroidery
  8. Red work embroidery
  9. Candlewick embroidery
  10. Crewel embroidery
  11. Hard anger embroidery
  12. Blue work embroidery
  13. Pulled thread embroidery
  14. Gold work embroidery
  15. Black work embroidery
  16. Chicken scratch embroidery

Types of Embroidery Used In Garments Industry:

Surface Embroidery;

Surface embroidery is a type of embroidery whose pattern is a kind of decorative stitching and works with thread without fabric on canvas. Its varied forms, styles, different textures, dimensions, images, etc. are added to the canvas to create a variety of simple and complex designs. It has many forms also. Surface embroidery is a very available technique that does not require special fabrics or expensive threads but requires exploration and creativity. Surface embroidery is one of the most popular embroideries in the garments industry.

Cross Stitch embroidery;

This type of embroidery is a composite stitch consisting of two diagonally worked stitches, which form an “X” on the fabric. It is popular form of count thread embroidery.

Needlepoint embroidery;

The idea of needlepoint embroider, we get from the ancient Egyptians, who used this kind of stitching in their tent as a canvas. Silk, cotton, wool, different types of fiber, etc. are used for this type of sewing. There are different types of needlepoint canvas available in the market such as mono, interlock, plastic, Penelope, rug’ etc. and their sizes also vary. Currently, this sewing is spreading commercially. Some of the notable stitches used in needlepoint embroidery are brick stitch, Goblin stitch, mosaic stitch, Parisian stitch, Smyrna stitch, tent stitch, etc.

White work embroidery;

This type of embroidery refers to any embroidery technique, where the stitching is the same color as the foundation fabric. White on white embroidery is looking beautiful and can be worked in a variety of techniques including Hard anger, surface embroidery, and hereby, etc.

Counted embroidery;

Counted thread embroidery is a type of embroidery that follows a precise and uniform pattern. There are different types of counted embroidery. In counted embroidery, the fabric threads are counted by the embroiderer before the needle is inserted into the fabrics.

Sashiko embroidery;

This type of embroidery is a form of Japanese folk embroidery which uses a basic running stitch to create an intricately patterned background.

Hedebo embroidery;

Hedebo embroidery originated in the Hedebo region of Denmark in the 1760s. At that time hedebo embroidery was used for towels, pillows, men’s shirts, women’s dresses, and farmer’s interiors.

Red work embroidery;

This is referred to as any type of embroidery which is worked in red thread on white or natural color fabric. This type of embroidery is most common in surface embroidery and cross-stitch.

Candlewick embroidery;

It is one type of white work embroidery that traditionally uses an unbleached cotton thread on a piece of unbleached muslin. This type of embroidery is made of groups of colonial knots arranged in intricate patterns.

Crewel embroidery;

This is one type of decorative surface embroidery, which features plants, animals, and sometimes people, arranged in a fanciful, flowing design. Crewel embroidery is worked in a variety of surface embroidery stitches. This type of technique is at least a thousand years old.

Gold work embroidery;

Gold work embroidery is the art of embroidery using metallic threads. The term ‘gold work’ is used because the threads imitate gold, silver, or copper. The same silver and old yarn was widely used in the most expensive tapestry, especially during the renaissance.

Black work embroidery;

It is a style of counted thread embroidery which is originated in Spain. This type of embroidery is traditionally worked in black thread on white or even weaves fabric.

Blue work embroidery;

Blue work embroidery is almost like red work embroidery, the only difference is the color of thread. Instead of red thread, blue thread is used here. Different designs are usually embossed using blue thread on a white background.

Chicken scratch embroidery;

A form of chicken scratch embroidered cross-stitch that is traditionally sewn to Gingham fabric using Parle Mercerized cotton thread or stranded embroidery thread. Gingham Squares serve as sewing guides and help to create a lacy pattern.

Pulled Thread Embroidery;

Pulled thread embroidery is a form of counted thread embroidery. It is also sometimes called drawn thread embroidery. The threads used in this embroidery need to be of good quality and strong enough to withstand strong tension.

Things to be observed in embroidery designs:

  1. Care must be taken in designing the embroidery design so that it does not become a sloppy design.
  2. After the use of thread, the design will not be relieved.
  3. Care must be taken in choosing the yarn.
  4. It is best to avoid threads that may cause discomfort.
  5. If anyone uses lace yarn, they can give a different fabric to the inner part of the dress. Otherwise such yarn will cause discomfort in direct contact with the body.


Embroidered designs are quite popular among the women of the era. This design is also very dominant in fashion. This kind of embroidery design scheme brings a kind of solidity and strength to the dress. And sometimes if the design is done a little randomly, it brings a kind of exuberance to the garments. With the change of time, the content of the garments has also been updated a lot, as a result of which the traditional embroidery design has now entered the foreign trade market as well.

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